miércoles, 27 de mayo de 2009

La reforma fiscal verde

Un estudio muy relevante para todo el tema de reforma fiscal verde en España:

Can a carbon permit system reduce Spanish unemployment?star, open

Taran Fæhna, Corresponding Author Contact Information, E-mail The Corresponding Author, Antonio G. Gómez-Planab, 1, E-mail The Corresponding Author and Snorre Kverndokkc, 2, E-mail The Corresponding Author


This paper analyses the impact of carbon policy on unemployment in Spain and whether recycling the public revenues earned from permit auctions can alleviate this problem. While Spain's deviation from the European Union's intermediate emission goals is more serious than most other member countries' unemployment in Spain is also well above average for the European Union. We use a computable general equilibrium model that includes unemployment in the markets for unskilled and skilled labour. We find that introducing carbon permits does not aggravate Spanish unemployment. In fact, if supplied with revenue recycling schemes, unemployment rates may actually fall. Contrary to other European studies, we find that the best option is to reduce payroll taxes on relatively skilled types of labour. This reform is successful in both increasing labour demand and dampening the supply response to rising wages. However, while all of the recycling schemes generate dividends in terms of aggregate welfare, none entirely offsets the abatement costs.

Keywords: Spanish unemployment; Tax reform; Emission permit auctions; Employment dividend; Computable general equilibrium models

No hay comentarios: