Historically nuclear technology has been characterized by rising costs. Today’s third-generation reactors are no exception to this iron rule. They are safer than earlier counterparts, but also more expensive. The escalation of costs may stop, but only on two conditions: through a massive scale effect – if China chooses one type of reactor and sticks to it, it may achieve this effect – or through a fundamental change in direction of innovation – giving priority to modular design and small reactors, for instance. Failing this, nuclear technology seems doomed to suffer a steady decline in its competitiveness compared with any thermal technologies spared by taxes and renewable energies boosted by high learning effects.
viernes, 31 de mayo de 2013
Los costes de la nuclear, según Leveque
Muy en la línea de nuestro paper (citado ya hace tiempo aquí). Su conclusión principal: